Register For Our Mailing List

Register to receive our free weekly newsletter including editorials.

Home / 434

The Living Years Survey: Is this time different?

The song, The Living Years, was written from the viewpoint of a son who regrets not having a more open relationship with his father. In 1989, it reached Number 1 on the Australian, US and Canadian charts for Mike + The Mechanics, which was a side project of Mike Rutherford, guitarist for Genesis. Here is the youtube link to this legendary song. It’s hard to believe the hit is over 30 years old, and the eight-year-old son of Rutherford who features in the video is now 40.

What’s the connection to the dramatic changes we have seen in the investing landscape in recent years? The opening lyrics provide some clues:

“Every generation
Blames the one before
And all of their frustrations
Come beating on your door

I know that I'm a prisoner
To all my Father held so dear
I know that I'm a hostage
To all his hopes and fears
I just wish I could have told him in the living years”

Experienced investors including high profile market veterans have missed the tech growth stocks, criticise the valuations of companies like Tesla and Afterpay, denounce cryptocurrencies and label a Non Fungible Token costing US$69 million as absurd. Are they right or are they missing a generational change?  

Prisoners to what we hold dear

There is no limit to the examples of valuations and market events that seem crazy to many seasoned investors. Jeremy Grantham has long called the current conditions a bubble, but he has seen many cycles over his decades in the market. Here he discusses the 'Top of the Cycle' in August 2021:

“I think it’s clear that we’re deep into bubble territory ... most of the data suggests that this is the new American record for highest priced stocks in history. Then there’s the most important thing of all, which is crazy behavior, the kind of meme stock, high participation by individuals, enormous trading volume in penny stocks, enormous trading volume in options, huge margin levels, peak borrowing of all kinds, and the news is on the front page. This is all characteristic of the handful of great bubbles that we’ve had.” (my bolding).

Two long-term charts are popular with analysts to show market values over time, and both are at extremes.

1. The ‘Buffett Indicator’ of total market value to GDP

Warren Buffett calls this ratio “probably the best single measure of where valuations stand at any given moment”. With the current market value of US stocks reaching US$50.8 trillion versus US GDP of around US$23.7 trillion, the ratio has hit a record high of 215%. Prior to the year 2000, it was normally around 50%, and even allowing for the fall in interest rates and a rising trendline, a number of 120% looks fairly valued. At 2.4 standard deviations above historical average, the market is testing those who look for value signals. But is this time different?

2. The Shiller PE ratio

Again, a widely-accepted measure for the value of the S&P500 is the Shiller PE, and currently it is over 41 times when the long-term historical average is 17.2. It was as low as 4.8 in 1920 or as high 44.2 in the dot-com boom of 2000.

Here are a few examples of valuations and actions testing the incredulity of long-term market watchers:

1. Last week, Rivian raised US$11.9 billion in its IPO, valuing the company at over US$100 billion at issue. At time of writing, it has doubled in price. It is the second-most valuable car maker in the world behind Tesla, recently worth over US$1 trillion. Ford Motor Company is valued at about US$77 billion and sells over 4 million vehicles a year. In its IPO prospectus, Rivian advised:

“In the consumer market, we launched the R1 platform with our first-generation consumer vehicle, the R1T, a two-row five-passenger pickup truck, and began making customer deliveries in September 2021. As of September 30, 2021, we produced 12 R1Ts and delivered 11 R1Ts, and as of October 22, 2021, we produced 56 R1Ts and delivered 42 R1Ts.”

2. Elon Musk is the richest person in the world. Can you imagine Warren Buffett taking investment advice from a Twitter poll? Musk recently tweeted:

“Much is made lately of unrealized gains being a means of tax avoidance so I propose selling 10% of my Tesla stock. Do you support this? … I will abide by the results of this poll, whichever way it goes.”

The poll closed with 57.9% of the votes in favour of Musk selling 10% of his stock. Tesla's share price fell and wiped US$200 billion off its market value in two days, which is more than the value of Ford and GM combined. By 16 November, Musk was halfway through his sales for a value of US$8.8 billion.

3. The total market value of cryptocurrencies has reached US$3 trillion, with Bitcoins valued at US$60,000 each and a total market cap of US$1.1 trillion. In 2011, a Bitcoin was worth US$1. Is this time different? Financial markets have never experienced a new technology like this, and while billionaire investor John Paulson cannot be branded as someone who does not understand markets, he told Bloomberg recently:

“I wouldn’t recommend anyone invest in cryptocurrencies. I would describe them as a limited supply of nothing. So to the extent there’s more demand than the limited supply, the price would go up. But to the extent the demand falls, then the price would go down. There’s no intrinsic value to any of the cryptocurrencies except that there’s a limited amount.”

And Australia’s own Hamish Douglass made similar arguments in this article in Firstlinks where he predicted Bitcoin would become worthless. The market cap of all cryptocurrencies is shown below.


Over the long term, does it matter?

Part of the market's unlimited optimism stems from recent experience that the US Federal Reserve and other central banks will protect the market. Central banks inject liquidity and lower rates during a crisis. In any market condition, there are always reasons to sell, but even in a global pandemic, the market recovered quickly.

So is all this talk of bad news and excessive valuations just noise in the long-term growth of the equity market and the success of wonderful companies?

It is with some justification that the market is expensive because it is driven by wonderful tech companies with strong growth prospects which deserve their high P/E ratios. For example, Microsoft’s P/E is about 42 but Apple is only 27, then we have the super-bullish examples of Nvidia at 90 and Tesla 230 (or thereabouts). The concentration of the largest five stocks in the S&P500 is higher than it has ever been in history and the destiny of the index lies significantly in the fortunes of a few great companies.

Conversations with a 25-year-old

In this survey, we want to draw on the experience of our readers. While this is not necessarily a father/son (or mother/daughter) piece - although it is an opportunity to share opinions with the next generation - what would you now say to someone who is 25-years-old and starting out on investing?

Do you feel you have learned life-long lessons or are conditions so strange to you that you are wondering if times really have changed? For example:

* Should a young person go heavily into shares and remain invested?

* Is active stock management a waste of effort and it's better to stick to indexes?

* Is investing via an SMSF more trouble than it is worth?

* Is it better to invest in a diversified fund and leave it to the experts?

Nobody knows the future, and it does not matter if your opinions are imperfectly formed …

“Oh, crumpled bits of paper
Filled with imperfect thought
Stilted conversations
I'm afraid that's all we've got

You say you just don't see it
He says it's perfect sense
You just can't get agreement
In this present tense
We all talk a different language
Talking in defence

Say it loud, say it clear
You can listen as well as you hear
It's too late when we die
To admit we don't see eye to eye”

Let’s open up a quarrel …

You may have a new perspective on a different day, but as the market now stands, what do you think? Take it away Mike + The Mechanics …

“So we open up a quarrel
Between the present and the past
We only sacrifice the future
It's the bitterness that lasts

So don't yield to the fortunes
You sometimes see as fate
It may have a new perspective
On a different day
And if you don't give up, and don't give in
You may just be okay … “

(Songwriters: B.A. Robertson and Mike Rutherford, The Living Years lyrics © BMG Rights Management, Concord Music Publishing LLC)

What do you think?

Let’s take the pulse of our audience with two big questions.

  1. Is this time different? Do you think investing has fundamentally changed in the last 5-10 years?
  2. What investment advice would you give to a 25-year-old starting an investing journey?

Full results will be published next week and all responses are anonymous. Meanwhile, note that the other big hit for Mike + The Mechanics was a prophetic “All We Need Is a Miracle”.


Graham Hand is Managing Editor of Firstlinks. This article is general information and does not consider the circumstances of any investor.


November 21, 2021

Warren Buffet also said "More money has been lost by investors betting on a crash than they lose in the actual crash itself"

November 21, 2021

So true. Time in the market so much more important that timing the market. Yes a correction is coming - so what ? It comes and it passes and the market marches on. The value of the market is essentially the sum of human endeavour. The short wiggles are sentiment only.

Michael McGlone
November 24, 2021

Thats a good point and I would never advise anyone to totally exit the market in anticipation a correction but targeted sell downs of part of ones portfolio, to build up cash for reinvesting when a correction occurs, is prudent in my view.

November 21, 2021

One of the first things I learned about computers and economics was GIGO (garbage in garbage out). So while governments and financial authorities keep falsifying data on employment figures, inflation and such what else can we expect. Only once the truth goes in, will the truth come out!!

Warren Bird
November 21, 2021

Les, that claim about false data is nonsense.
The CPI figures don't reflect any particular individuals cost of living, but they are as good a fixed weight index for the average for all Australians as you'll get anywhere in the world. They're based on tens of thousands of actual price observations from shops, catalogues, etc.
The unemployment figures are well known to have monthly volatility- don't blame the data or the ABS for the persistent misuse of the figures by the media! But over a run of months they give a good picture of the trends in each element of the calculation - total employed (by gender, State etc), total unemployed (defined in the same way as every OECD country defines it), the participation rate, etc.
The truth is there in the data. Thankfully there are decent economists in the RBA and Treasury and financial markets who can interpret the data properly and explain what's going on. But the data are NOT garbage.

November 26, 2021

Data are raw numbers and genuine but easily manipulated. Using your own example, why is RBA so focused on employment rate while under and casual employment are clearly the main problems? Crocodiles shed their tears about the catastrophic consequences of tagging the wrong indicators such as housing price. Yet all is entirely foreseeable and all one needs is common sense. 

November 21, 2021

Go for quality that produces an income as your core and if you want to chase the loss producing sparkling investments then keep those to satellites in your portfolio

November 19, 2021

Eurozone risks housing market crash, warns ECB
'The central bank warned of “exuberance” in the debt, stock and property markets.'

Bundesbank chief Weidmann quits early with one last inflation warning
'"It will be crucial not to look one-sidedly at deflationary risks, but not to lose sight of prospective inflationary dangers either," he said in a message to staff.'

November 18, 2021

My son at uni saved $5k from his casual job making pizzas. He told me he wanted to get a motorcycle. I said better to invest the savings in an index fund and explained the benefits of time in the market and ensuring financial security for future needs and retirement, while ignoring share market volatility. He bought the motorcycle. Now there are two types of crash I worry about.

November 22, 2021

Would you have listened to your old man when you were young? Sadly, there are 2 types of motorcyclist. Those who have had a crash and those who will soon. Been there done that several times and lucky to still be here. The best you can do is pay for some defensive riding lessons for your son. Christmas is coming.

November 18, 2021

You can’t predict the future, invest in a balanced portfolio. Harry Brown expresses this best, but the PP isn’t for everyone.

Martin Mulcare
November 18, 2021

Love the link between the song and the survey. I must say, in terms of the theme, that I prefer Eric Bogle's "Little Scraps of Paper" to "Living Years". Eric's provocative line in this context is: "Surely there must be something better?"

Geoff R
November 23, 2021

Martin when I read

"Oh, crumpled bits of paper
Filled with imperfect thought"

I immediately thought of Eric Bogle's song as well.

Survey comment
November 18, 2021

As they say, it may not be the same, but it sure rhymes

Survey comment
November 18, 2021

Im a veteran of 30 years in the industry and Im paralysed. Ive got no idea any more.

Survey comment
November 18, 2021

True, markets perform in cycles BUT there are differences in that technology, central banks and social media play a bigger role, accentuated by a pandemic. However, there are several fundamentals that remain true.

November 18, 2021

Great article, Graham. That song always brings a tear. Awaiting results with fascination.

Survey comment
November 18, 2021

Don't invest in what you don't understand - keep away from derivatives

November 18, 2021

Great piece, sent it to my 30 yr old son who has started the investment journey

Survey comment
November 18, 2021

Go early and go the boring route. Sleep easy at night. It will pay off in the long run.

Survey comment
November 18, 2021

Technology is always changing and providing opportunities. Cycles occur as investors react to what they expect to happen. There will always be cycles, of varying intensity, due to human behaviour - which includes government policy.

November 18, 2021

Two questions. On the Buffet indicator - is it fair to use the ratio of US market cap to US GDP when many of the larger companies have substantial overseas (non-US) income? Over time the US percentage of world GDP has shrunk significantly which would increase the ratio for global companies listed in the US? Secondly, as a Morningstar subscriber I get regular market updates and included in these is the Price to Fair Value ratio. Currently it is just over 1 (around 1.06 for many markets; Aust, US, Europe) which suggests a reasonably fairly valued market. I consider Morningstar to be reasonably conservative so how does this fit with the broad bubble commentary?

Survey comment
November 18, 2021

This question could be interpreted several ways but I have taken the position that the ways people read data about trends has changed as social reporting appears to concern this generation more than data analysis

Survey comment
November 18, 2021

The Internet allowing the faster gathering and dissemination of information and data, and the speed with which transactions can be made.


Leave a Comment:



A colossal waste of time, but it's fun

At 98-years-old, Charlie Munger still delivers the one-liners

Highlights of reader tips for young investors


Most viewed in recent weeks

Lessons when a fund manager of the year is down 25%

Every successful fund manager suffers periods of underperformance, and investors who jump from fund to fund chasing results are likely to do badly. Selecting a manager is a long-term decision but what else?

2022 election survey results: disillusion and disappointment

In almost 1,000 responses, our readers differ in voting intentions versus polling of the general population, but they have little doubt who will win and there is widespread disappointment with our politics.

Now you can earn 5% on bonds but stay with quality

Conservative investors who want the greater capital security of bonds can now lock in 5% but they should stay at the higher end of credit quality. Rises in rates and defaults mean it's not as easy as it looks.

30 ETFs in one ecosystem but is there a favourite?

In the last decade, ETFs have become a mainstay of many portfolios, with broad market access to most asset types, as well as a wide array of sectors and themes. Is there a favourite of a CEO who oversees 30 funds?

Betting markets as election predictors

Believe it or not, betting agencies are in the business of making money, not predicting outcomes. Is there anything we can learn from the current odds on the election results?

Meg on SMSFs – More on future-proofing your fund

Single-member SMSFs face challenges where the eventual beneficiaries (or support team in the event of incapacity) will be the member’s adult children. Even worse, what happens if one or more of the children live overseas?

Latest Updates


'It’s your money' schemes transfer super from young to old

Policy proposals allow young people to access their super for a home bought from older people who put the money back into super. It helps some first buyers into a home earlier but it may push up prices.

Investment strategies

Rising recession risk and what it means for your portfolio

In this environment, safe-haven assets like Government bonds act as a diversifier given the uncorrelated nature to equities during periods of risk-off, while offering a yield above term deposit rates.

Investment strategies

‘Multidiscipline’: the secret of Bezos' and Buffett’s wild success

A key attribute of great investors is the ability to abstract away the specifics of a particular domain, leaving only the important underlying principles upon which great investments can be made.


Keep mandatory super pension drawdowns halved

The Transfer Balance Cap limits the tax concessions available in super pension funds, removing the need for large, compulsory drawdowns. Plus there are no requirements to draw money out of an accumulation fund.


Confession season is upon us: What’s next for equity markets

Companies tend to pre-position weak results ahead of 30 June, leading to earnings downgrades. The next two months will be critical for investors as a shift from ‘great expectations’ to ‘clear explanations’ gets underway.


Australia, the Lucky Country again?

We may have been extremely unlucky with the unforgiving weather plaguing the East Coast of Australia this year. However, on the economic front we are by many measures in a strong position relative to the rest of the world.

Exchange traded products

LIC discounts widening with the market sell-off

Discounts on LICs and LITs vary with market conditions, and many prominent managers have seen the value of their assets fall as well as discount widen. There may be opportunities for gains if discounts narrow.



© 2022 Morningstar, Inc. All rights reserved.

The data, research and opinions provided here are for information purposes; are not an offer to buy or sell a security; and are not warranted to be correct, complete or accurate. Morningstar, its affiliates, and third-party content providers are not responsible for any investment decisions, damages or losses resulting from, or related to, the data and analyses or their use. Any general advice or ‘regulated financial advice’ under New Zealand law has been prepared by Morningstar Australasia Pty Ltd (ABN: 95 090 665 544, AFSL: 240892) and/or Morningstar Research Ltd, subsidiaries of Morningstar, Inc, without reference to your objectives, financial situation or needs. For more information refer to our Financial Services Guide (AU) and Financial Advice Provider Disclosure Statement (NZ). You should consider the advice in light of these matters and if applicable, the relevant Product Disclosure Statement before making any decision to invest. Past performance does not necessarily indicate a financial product’s future performance. To obtain advice tailored to your situation, contact a professional financial adviser. Articles are current as at date of publication.
This website contains information and opinions provided by third parties. Inclusion of this information does not necessarily represent Morningstar’s positions, strategies or opinions and should not be considered an endorsement by Morningstar.

Website Development by Master Publisher.