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How we have invested during COVID-19

This Q&A session is with Paul Xiradis, Executive Chairman, Chief Investment Officer, and Head of Equities at Ausbil.

Q: At the middle of 2020, where do we stand with COVID-19 from a macro viewpoint, and has your outlook changed?

It has been quite an incredible ride over the past few months. Back in March, we were looking into the unknown with a pandemic that was both unpredictable and dangerous. Incredibly, almost in unison, governments and central banks across the world’s markets scrambled together the biggest stimulus package in history, over 10% of world GDP in value. Until then, things seemed bleak, but after this wave of stimulus, focus turned to containment and recovery.

We felt that in the second half of this year there would be a recovery, we said this early. A few months on, we are experiencing a far better outcome than most expected. This is largely due to the decisive global stimulus that supported the world economy in hibernation, and the fact that this period of hibernation has been a lot shorter than expected. 

Retail spending has been a lot stronger than anticipated. Activity in construction and trade activity was a lot stronger than expected. We are seeing e-commerce driving activity levels, allowing people to continue to operate, and as a result we saw sales move up, not down. Unemployment did not peak anywhere near, at this stage at least, what the market was anticipating. Most commentators are readjusting their forecasts back to levels nowhere near as dire as first anticipated. I think this provides greater confirmation that we will see a recovery in the second half of this year, that the recession will be shallower to what we were anticipating.

In Victoria, locally acquired cases are sharply rising in Melbourne, with Stage 3 restrictions reinstated for six weeks and the closing of the Victorian and NSW state border. The swift containment measures implemented by authorities is reassuring. At this stage, this will probably be a temporary drag on economic activity through the September quarter. Meanwhile, we expect the remaining Australian states to continue with their scheduled reopening dates, enabling activity to resume, which should help to cushion, to some degree, the impact on GDP growth. At this stage, it does not change our current medium-term outlook on the expected ‘U-shaped’ economic recovery profile for Australia.

Q: Do you think COVID-19 has changed many sectors for good?

What COVID-19 has done is fast-forward some of the super trends which were already emerging, some of which will now become a permanent way of life. The use of technology to run our lives on a day-to-day basis was forced on us by necessity, and now it could become the norm.

Where there was reluctance by individuals to use electronic banking, through necessity everyone has moved to self-service banking. The same with goods and services as people had no choice but to use e-commerce as a way of conducting their lives and obtaining life’s staples. We also saw that in a lot of discretionary retailing as well. These trends were developing anyway, but the inescapable global experiment triggered by COVID-19 has proved that society can operate in lockdown, and a lot of this is down to technology. As a consequence of being shown another way, there is likely to be a high degree of permanency in these behavioural changes.

Another thing we learnt is that there are businesses that can thrive in such environments. A lot of retailers have realised that they can operate using e-channels for sales, and that they don’t need to have such a large bricks-and-mortar footprint. This has accelerated the trend giving retailers an upper-hand in negotiating with landlords, this was not the case ten years ago. The shift from bricks-and-mortar retail is not a fad, it is structural.

Q: Australia has a burgeoning tech sector. How has this gone in the face of COVID-19?

Technology companies have outperformed during COVID-19 on the explosion in work-from-home demand, related entertainment, demand for home-based tech, and more fundamentally, in proving-up online sales and distribution for both essential and discretionary spending. People have increasingly learned to trust tech and online.

Under COVID, we have seen an acceleration in purchasing through online platforms. One beneficiary is Afterpay (ASX:APT), the buy-now-pay-later platform, and Afterpay has grown dramatically, as reflected in its share price.

Demand for data centres has grown dramatically. NextDC (ASX:NXT) is one of the groups that actually experienced upgrades in earnings during COVID, with the level of inquiry and demand growing significantly. Again, we believe the pull-forward of demand is not only structural, it is accelerating.

Appen (ASX:APX) specialises in providing test data for machine learning and artificial intelligence, Altium (ASX:ALU) develops design software and Audinate (ASX:AD8) leads the audio data transformation market. Atlassian (NASDAQ:TEAM) is another example of Australian tech leadership, though it is listed in the US.

These tech companies are familiar to us because we have nurtured many of these, researched them extensively, and invested in them when they were micro-cap and small-cap stocks. When they become bigger companies, we are fully aware of their performance and potential, and these companies now feature in our mid and large cap portfolios.

You can liken these tech leaders to the healthcare sector a few years ago. We have produced some incredibly strong global healthcare companies in Australia, from Ramsay Health Care (ASX:RHC) to Sonic Healthcare (ASX:SHL), ResMed (ASX:RMD), CSL (ASX:CSL) and Cochlear (ASX:COH), these are all Australian-born companies and they are world beaters. The tech sector now seems to be following the same path.

Q: How about toll roads and airports?

Infrastructure assets in the form of toll roads and airports have been hit hard by COVID-19. Toll roads saw traffic almost vanish during the initial lockdowns; however, as restrictions have been eased, traffic has returned. This has affected companies like Transurban (ASX:TCL). There is a view that the traffic volumes on roads will increase post-lockdown as there will be some reluctance to use public transport. I am not sure how long that will last. We have also seen heavy vehicles bounce back strongly.


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Airports are a little bit different. Zoom and Skype are far more acceptable now, so there is likely to be less travel, with more interaction in this form. You still can’t take away from the benefits of travel, and being on-the-ground still has its advantages. However, we don’t see airports experiencing such a strong recovery as other transport infrastructure as international travel is likely to be lower, though domestic travel is expected to approach previous levels. Airports like Sydney Airport (ASX:SYD) and Auckland International Airport (ASX:AIA) have hit recent lows and since rebounded somewhat; however, we remain cautious.

Q: How are resources going with COVID-19 and geopolitical tensions?

If you go back to the GFC, it was more about austerity than spending, and it was up to the monetary authorities to do the heavy lifting. This time around, we have seen both monetary and fiscal stimulus applied in concert with plans to bring forward activity and infrastructure projects. This is happening globally as a means of reigniting growth, in China, recently in Australia, and we are likely to see it in other parts of the world.

On the basis of fiscal stimulus and accelerated infrastructure spending, the outlook for resources, and particularly steelmaking resources, is pretty strong. Iron ore, the most important of these for Australia’s terms of trade, is seeing renewed demand as COVID-driven supply constraints shift demand to Australian ore. Companies like diversified miners, BHP (ASX:BHP) and Rio Tinto (ASX:RIO), and specialist iron ore miner, Fortescue Metals (ASX:FMG), are beneficiaries of this strong demand, as are the mining services companies contracted to help deliver this supply to world markets.

Electric vehicles (EVs) is another theme that is looking stronger. During the shutdown, traditional car manufacturers were retooling towards the production of electric vehicles, creating further demand for selective metals. The changing trend towards EVs will see increased demand for copper from companies like OZ Minerals (ASX:OZL), as well as nickel and lithium in the next 12-months.

Q: How are the banks faring?

If you are optimistic about Australian and New Zealand economic recovery, and we are, you have to be comfortable with the banks. The banks are most leveraged to an improving environment. We are seeing that already. Banks were provisioning for an economy with far higher unemployment levels than we have experienced, a deeper negative growth experience than has occurred, and a more elongated recovery than we are seeing at this juncture.

We believe that the depths of the downturn are not going to be anywhere near as bad as initially expected. If this remains the case, it is a fantastic opportunity for investors to reweight back into the banks. We increased our exposure through the COVID sell-down, and we are now the most overweight we have been in banks for a number of years. We think earnings will exceed expectations and bad and doubtful debts may not be as bad as the market has been pricing.

Most commentators were incredibly negative on banks, and most institutions were underweight the banks based on some pretty ordinary and dire forecasts in the market. All of a sudden, the banks have become a pretty attractive proposition, and the market is still underweight, so the setup is for the banks to trade up as we move into the second half of 2020.

Q: How have you been positioning portfolios for the recession and subsequent recovery?

We have been positioning in sectors and stocks that will benefit from the expected recovery. We have increased our exposure to tech, Qantas (ASX:QAN) and Transurban with an eye to the recovery. In healthcare, we like Ramsay Health Care but we have also been increasing our exposure in Sonic and maintaining our position in CSL. We have maintained our overweight position in bulk commodities. We introduced a copper name in OZ Minerals late last year, and added to it during the recent weakness.

We have also been maintaining positions in companies that are showing sustainable earnings growth and dividend payments. The Goodman Group (ASX:GMG) has a sustainable dividend, it is exposed to the new online world through warehousing and logistics, is well capitalised and has high-tech properties that yield significantly better than competitors’ assets.

We see healthcare and tech as growth areas. We see banks recovering quite strongly. We are still underweight retail real estate. We selectively increased our weights to some of the high-quality retail names such as JB Hi-Fi and Super Retail Group during the sell-down.

 

Paul Xiradis is Executive Chairman, Chief Investment Officer, and Head of Equities at Ausbil Investment Management. This article is general information and does not consider the circumstances of any investor.

 

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